SANTA BARBARA AND THE "UPPER EAST"
THE CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH OF 1848 WAS FOLLOWED
The Upper East neighborhood was an early favorite for wealthy residents building larger homes because of its proximity to the Old Mission. Victorian residences were later joined by Mission Revival, Craftsman and (American) Colonial Revival homes. The latter had been popular nationally since the end of the Civil War, and is one of two styles, which came to dominate the Upper East. The 1915 Panama-California Exposition in San Diego sparked interest in a new romantic architectural style called Spanish Colonial Revival. In 1920, the Community Arts Association was founded, Pearl Chase being one of its members. They especially encouraged Spanish Colonial Revival buildings as the desired Santa Barbara look, a concept which flourished after the 1925 earthquake destroyed many buildings. These two Styles are distinct. The Colonial Revival is built of wood with wood shingled roof, a solid and symmetrical volume with simple lines, utilitarian features and little ornamentation. In contrast the Spanish Colonial Revival has thick stucco walls with red tile roof, is linear and asymmetrical, and has structural or applied ornamentation.